Thursday, July 17, 2008

Marten

Martens are eight species of usually arboreal, weasellike mammals of the genus Martes in the weasel family, Mustelidae. The genus includes the sable, M. zibellina, and the fisher, M. pennanti, as well as those animals commonly called martens. Martens range up to 60 cm (2 ft) long, plus a 30 cm (1-ft) tail, and reach 2 kg (4.5 lb) in weight. Their fur is soft and thick and commercially valuable. It ranges in color from golden brown to almost black, with a characteristic whitish yellow to reddish yellow patch on the throat and chest. Martens feed mainly on rodents, but also eat rabbits, birds, fruit, insects, and carrion. Martens display the phenomenon of sects, and carrion. Martens display the phenomenon of delayed implantation, in which the fertilized ovum (egg) halts its development and remains free within the uterus for varying length of time; as a result, gestation in martens may last 7 to 9 months. Mating occurs in summer and the usually two to four young are born in early spring.

The American marten, M. Americana, also called the American sable, is found from Alaska to eastern, Canada south into the western United States. In Indonesia this kind animals called as Musang. The Eurasian pine marten, M. martes, and the beech or stone marten, M. foina, have been overhunted and exterminated from many parts of their range.


The American marten inhabits North America forest, hunting squirrels and other prey in tree branches. Closely related to the mink, the marten is prized for its glossy brown fur.

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